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Different Aspects of Quran recitation

This is a discussion on Different Aspects of Quran recitation within the Learn of Quran forums, part of the Quran e Kareem category; The Quran is the holy book of the Muslims. It is a code of life revealed by the Allah Almighty ...

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    Post Different Aspects of Quran recitation

    The Quran is the holy book of the Muslims. It is a code of life revealed by the Allah Almighty to his Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). The Quran was revealed in the Arabic language, which the Arabs used to speak. The Arabs of that time were great linguistics and they used to take deep pride in the development of their literature, poetry, and phonetics.
    When the Quran was revealed, the Arabs were surprised by the superior quality of its style and language. The style of Quran recitation was heart melting for many of them. Undoubtedly, Quran is a miracle and contains words of Allah Almighty.
    The prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) once said,
    "The best among you is the one who learnt Quran and taught it to others".
    The Quran reading, recitation and understanding holds a lot of significance in Islam.
    The following are the different aspects of the Quran recitation that the Muslims of today should know about.
    · The respect of the Quran recitation
    As Muslims, we are bound to respect the sanctity of the Quran. For the recitation, the Muslims should perform ablution and cover their satar properly.
    · Virtues of Quran recitation
    Reading the Quran in Arabic earns many virtues. This can be imagined by considering the fact that recitation of one word of Quran earns 10 virtues.
    · Learning the Quran recitation
    The Quran was revealed in Arabic. The Arabic script is not hard to understand and learn. The children can learn it quickly as compared to the adults. Nevertheless, the adults too can learn it.
    It should also be kept in mind that learning the Arabic script is not the only way to recite the Quran. We can take example of the Turkish Muslims, who recite the Quran in Arabic written in Roman English script.
    · Different styles of Quran recitation
    People belonging to different nationalities might recite the Quran in different accents. This is okay. Allah Almighty knows the intention and purity of our hearts. Therefore, the Muslims earn the virtues anyway.
    · Tajweed- Quran recitation in the style of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w)
    Many people want to do everything in the manner that is exactly like or nearest to the Sunnah. Learning the way by which Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) used to recite the Quran is called Tajweed. Many non-Arabs all over the world have successfully learned Tajweed with the help of good teachers.
    · Finding a teacher to learn the Quran recitation
    Anyone who wants to learn the recitation of the Quran properly should consult a good tutor. Self-learning might be effective, however it becomes difficult for the learner to realize that where he or she is lacking. In the Muslim countries, finding a tutor who can come home to teach is not a big problem. Other than that, there are many Quran teaching facilities.
    For the Muslims living in no n-Muslims countries a recent option is to learn the Quran recitation online if they cannot regularly visit an Islamic centre.
    · Quran recitation in the Salaat
    Reciting some verses from the Quran in Salaat is compulsory.
    ulsory.
    Our Site : Teachingquran.com
    Last edited by Muhammad Mamoon; 3rd May 2011 at 10:15 PM.

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    Post Absolute Certainty of Authenticity of the Qur'an

    The fact that much of the Qur'an was revealed when the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam was in the company of his companions highlights the importance of his contemporary community, that is, its asbab nazool or historical and social context for its understanding and application.

    For a Muslim the Qur'an is the word of Allah Subhanahu wa Taala. In fact, the authenticity of Qur'an is beyond the slightest doubt. This article briefly discusses evidence for this assertion.



    Let us look at the beginning of Qur'an's revelation.

    It is well known the Qur'an was not re
    vealed all at one time, but over a period of 23 years.

    The Prophet Muhammad Sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam was called on to be the Messenger of Allah Subhanahu wa Taala when he was about forty years old.

    Recalling it later to his wife Aisha Radi Allahu anha, the Prophet sallil Allahu wa sallam said that for some time before this, the Angel Jibrael (Gabriel) appeared to him, and along with this he experienced a change in his spiritual state. This was at a time that he retreated to a mountain cave called Hira in Jabal al-Nur near Mecca. It was in this seclusion that he noticed the presence of the Angel.

    According to historian Ibn Ishaq, the recorder of life-history (Sira) of Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallm, the Angel came to the Prophet when he was asleep and showed him a piece of brocade on which was some writing.

    It is generally agreed the first words revealed by Jibrael Alayhe salam were that of Surah al-Alaq (Chapter 96) starting with the word "Iqra"- meaning recite or read. When Jibrael said, "Iqra" read, the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam responded, "what shall I read?" The Angle repeated it three more times and the Prophet repeated the same response. Jibrael then read the rest of Surah.


    The Prophet did not expect this and was greatly shaken by the dream. And as he was heading down the mountain, Jibrael alayhe salam appeared to him in the form of a man standing on the horizon and declared that he was the Messenger of Allah Subhanahu wa Taala.

    The Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam returned to his wife Khadijah radi Allahu anha and told her the entire incident. She comforted him with words of consolation - thus lightening his burden and proclaimed to the truth of what he said.

    She then took him to her cousin, Waraqa bin Naufal, a Christian monk. Waraqa talked to the Prophet sallil Allahu wa sallam and said, "You are the prophet of this people. There has come to you the greatest namus (Angel Gabriel) who came to Moses. You will be called a liar and they will treat you with scorn and cast you out and fight you."

    After the first few encounters, the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam became somewhat comfortable with wahi (the process of revelation). However, sometimes the revelation came with the ringing of a bell, which was most difficult for him. Mostly, it was also physically burdensome, such as reported by Zaid bin Harith. The strain it placed on him was sometimes evident to those present with him. For example, Aisha Radi Allahu anha is reported to have said that at times when wahi came to him, and although it was cool morning, his forehead would glisten with perspiration.

    The angel came to him variously. Mostly, he was invisible to others, but sometimes he was visible to the Companions as a man. The instructions he articulated was not always Qur'an, such as the famous and widely cited Hadith where he questioned the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam on Islam,
    iman, and ihsan, etc.; and attested his responses.

    Thus for twenty-three years, from the time the angel first appeared in the cave until his death in 632 C.E., the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam received revelations addressing all aspects of the relationship between humankind and Allah Subhanahu wa Taala. Some of these addressed fundamental questions of the human condition, such as meaning of life and death; others addressed particular moral and social problems, such as infanticide and economic injustice. For thirteen years, which constituted its Meccan period, the revelations essentially dealt with correcting the belief system of people. The Madinan period, which lasted for the next ten years, it mostly dealt with the rules and regulations for the burgeoning Muslim society.

    The fact that much of the Qur'an was revealed when the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam was in the company of his companions highlights the importance of his contemporary community, that is, its asbab nazool or historical and social context for its understanding and application.

    In fact, Allah Subhanahu wa Taala has taken the responsibility of preserving the Qur'an as clearly indicated by the following verse from Surah Al Jijr (Chapter 15):

    "We who have without doubt, sent down the Message and We will assuredly guard it from corruption" (Al Hijr, 15:9).

    Thus the purity of the text of the Qur'an stands as a testimony of the care with which Allah
    Subhanahu wa Taala guards its truth through the passage of times. This guarantee from the Higher Power tells that its pure and holy truth will never suffer from any corruption.

    As the Qur'an was being revealed, it was memorized by the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam who was its first addressee. In the beginning, he was worried that he may forget what was being revealed. So he was told by Allah Subhanahu wa Taala in Surah Al Qiyamah (Chapter 75):

    "Do not move your tongue concerning [the Qur'an] to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it [in your heart] so you may recite [and compile it]. But when We have recited it, follow its recital [as promulgated]: Nay more, it is for Us to explain it [through your tongue]." (Surah Al Qiyamah, 75: 16-19)
    It shows the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam's eargerness to memorize while it was being revealed. In his haste to commit verses to memory before they may slip away, he would move his tongue in anticipation of the coming words. He was assured there was no need for haste; all verses would etch themselves into his mind, since Allah Subhanahu wa Taala had taken full responsibility for the timeless preservation of the Qur'an.

    After each revelation the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam will repeat the words of the Qur'an to those who were present with him, and tell others who came in contact with him. He will recite its passages, often running into several chapters in his prayers performed individually, and variously in
    meetings with others, and in daily congregational prayers led by him. There is evidence from his times that the community was encouraged to finish reciting the entire Qur'an during the month of Ramadan in its nightly congregational prayers.

    The Qur'an consistently uses the derivatives of tala -yutla, atlu, tutlu, yatlu, etc. such as in Al Baqarah, 2:129, Al Baqarah,2:151, Al Imran,3:164, Al Hajj,22:30, Al Ankabut,29:45, and Al Jumu'ah,62:2 and many others. They allude to the role of Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam to disseminate the revelations throughout his community.

    But recitation alone is insufficient if it is not accompanied by instruction. So the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam's role is clearly enunciated in the Qur'an, as in verse 164 of Surah Al Imran, (Chapter 3):

    "Allah has conferred a great favor on the Believers indeed, sending among them a messenger from among themselves who rehearses unto them the Signs of Allah, and purifies them, and instructs them in the Book and Wisdom" (Al Imran 3:164).


    And the following verse from Al Baqarah:

    "A similar [favor you have already received] in that We have sent among you a messenger of your own, rehearsing to you Our Signs, and purifying you, and instructing you in the Book and Wisdom" (Al Baqarah 2:151).

    In addition to all of the above, the angel Jibrael alayhe salam would visit the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam to review the Qur'an thus far revealed, once every year. And during the last year of the Prophet sall lil Allahu alayhe wa sallam's life he visited him twice.

    Therefore, the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam had a number of duties towards the Qur'anic wahy (revelation). He was the instrument of its divine reception, and the one who supervised its proper compilation, provided the necessary explanations, encouraged community-wide dissemination, and taught his companions.

    Thus a unique methodology of memorization and art of reciting (tajwid) was set up right from the beginning of the revelation of the Qur'an by the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam himself. He would not only teach but also how to recite or approve of the recitation by others.

    His companions learnt from him and passed on to others they came in contact with. The Prophet sall lil Allahu alayhe wa sallam would even instruct the emissaries that he sent other places that their primary job was to teach the Qur'an.

    While there is no evidence that the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam ever learnt the art of writing and is generally believed that he remained unlettered throughout his life. But with the revelation of first word of Iqra he realized the importance of establishing a robust educational policy for his Ummah. Indeed, he employed every possible measure to encourage education by his people, describing the merits and rewards of learning as well as the punishment of withholding knowledge. Even non-Muslims were employed, such as those prisoners from the battle of Badr who could teach.

    Among his sayings, a famous hadith reported by Uthman bin Affan as well as Ali bin Abi Talib says: "The best among you is the one who learns the Qur'an and teaches it."

    This resulted in a rapid diffusion of knowledge throughout the Arabian Peninsula, especially of the Qur'an during the lifetime of the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam, and carried on through by his Companions who had learnt it directly by him. Because the Qur'an was recited aloud in most daily salat and during nightly devotions, many learnt the Qur'an memorization directly from the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam.

    A vast number of Huffaz - memorizers of the Qur'an by heart, were the result. The exact numbers of these are not known because many of these were subsequently martyred, but many lived on and taught either in Madinah or the newly conquered lands of the rapidly growing Muslim dominions.

    This method of memorization of the Qur'an by a Hafiz (plural Huffaz), with its immediate correction if a mistake is made is the most perfect known method of preserving a document. This along with its Tajwid taught by the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam has been passed on generation after generation by Tawatar - continuation by several means, which ensures that what we have and recite today as the Qur'an is exactly the same word-for-word as was revealed to the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam.

    Although the Qur'an was revealed verbally, it consistently refers to itself as kitab, Book, indicating it must have a written form. In fact, there is evidence for it from the earliest stages of Islam. Such as the account of verses from the beginning of Surah Taha (Chapter 20) revealed prior to conversion of Omar radi Allahu anhu which he read at his sister's house and culminated in his acceptance of the Qur'an's message.

    The names of approximately sixty-five companions who functioned as scribes of the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam are known. Whenever there was a revelation, the Prophet sall lil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam would call a scribe to write down the latest verses. Zaid bin Thabit, because he lived close to the Prophet's Mosque was often summoned. According to Zaid he was often asked to read back to the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam to ensure that no scribal errors occurred.

    It was because of this practice that the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam declared that "whoever has written anything from me other than the Qur'an should erase it" by which he meant that Qur'anic and non-Qur'anic (that is Hadith) materials must not be written on the same sheet, so as to avoid confusion. In fact those who were unable to write often appeared in the Mosque, with vellum (refined lamb or calf- skin for writing) or parchment in hand, requesting volunteers to record Qur'anic verses for them.

    Based on the total number of scribes involved, and the custom of Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam to record all new verses on whatever was momentarily available such as various parchments and bones, the entire Qur'an was available in written form during his lifetime. And before his death, he left the entire Qur'an in the written form in a bag with his wife Hifdha radi Allahu anha.

    Soon after the Prophet's death, Abu Bakr Siddiq radi Allahu anhu was chosen as the Amir al Momineen, he had to fight some false claimers to prophet-hood (mudi'an nabuwah) and others who refused to give Zakkah, which resulted in the death of quite a few Qur'an memorizers. Umar radi Allahu anhu advised Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu to order the Quran to be collected into a book form. Then Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu took the Qur'an from Hifdha Radi Allahu anha and gave it Zaid bin Thabit, one of the memorizers and most trusted scribes, and Abu Bakr called on the young Zaid bin Thabit to take the responsibility of compiling the Quran into a book. Zaid called on other huffaz for their help to compile the Qur'an into a book within 11/2-2 years of Prophet sallil Aalahu alayhe wa sallam's death. Once completed, the compiled Qur'an into a master volume termed Suhuf, was placed in the state archives under the custodianship of Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu.


    It was Zaid again who was given the charge of this task by the third Khalifa-tul-Muslimeen Othman radi Allahu anhu only 15 years after the Prophet's death. This, because Islamic dominions were spread far and wide having people with different accents, and Othman radi Allahu anhu feared its possible adverse effect on the written Quranic text. Several copies of Qur'anic Mashaf, Qur'anic manuscript were made and copies from this time are still available in various places, especially in different world museums.

    The above description gives a glimpse of the great efforts made by the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam and continued by the Muslim Ummah to maintain the fidelity of the Qur'an.

    A number of books have been written on the subject of learning and preserving the Qur'an, as well as responding to the criticisms of Orientalists. Two of the recent books are as follows:

    1. "The History of the Qur'anic Text from Revelation to Compilation. A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments" by Muhammad Mustafa Al-Azmi. Professor Al-Azami originally from India studied at Dar-ul-Ulum Deoband, India, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, and University of Cambridge, England. He is a Saudi citizen and Professor Emeritus at King Saud University, Riyadh, with positions at Umm al-Qura University in Makkah, National Public Library, Qatar. He also holds visiting scholar positions at several universities in the United States including Princeton University. The book was published in 2003 by UK Islamic Academy, Leicester, England.

    2. "The Story of the Qur'an, Its History and Place in Muslim Life" by Ingrid Mattson. Mattson is Professor at the Macdonald Center for Islamic Studies and Christian-Muslim Relations at Hartford Seminary. She has been variously involved with the Islamic Society of North America and has just finished her term as its president. The book was published in 2008 by Blackwell Publishing, Malden, Massachusetts.

    An example is provided by Dr. Mattson in her book of a young seventeen-year-old American girl named Reem who had already learnt and memorized the Qur'an at the local Islamic school. On August 7, 2002 she took the journey to Damascus, Syria (where her parents came from) to improve her recitation and memorization from Sheikh Abu'l-Hasan Muhy al-Din al-Kurdi. Despite the fact that Reem had memorized the Qur'an by the age of twelve, it took her a number of years of hard work before she had a chance to be heard by the widely sought eminent scholar. She was assigned a reciter who would teach her the advanced rules of tajweed and make sure her memorization was flawless. Reem had to prove that she knew every verse by heart, develop a deep understanding of every word of the holy book, and worked methodically through the surahs, reading English translations and Arabic commentaries. Mattson describes the various stages Reem went though. The Sheikh al-Kurdi came from a line shyukh, and Mattson has shown all of the links in a chain of transmission from the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam to the Sheikh. By then nearing the end of eight decades of his life, the Sheikh was the twenty-eighth person, engaged in building the twenty-ninth generation to this sacred pedigree, to which Reem belonged.

    The Qur'an explicitly points out that earlier Scriptures received by the Jewish and Christians were corrupted from within by their rabbis and priests. Therefore, the Prophet sallil Allahu Alayhe wa sallam and the Muslim community took extraordinary measures to safeguard the Qur'an from any and all corruption.

    Therefore, Muslims are the only people who have the original unadulterated word of Allah Subhanahu wa Taala: No other people even come close to having this privilege. Allah Subhanahu wa Taala pledged to guard it. And with instructions coming from that Higher Power, the Prophet sallil Allahu alayhe wa sallam who received his calling some six hundred years after Jesus (alayhe salam), and lived under the full glare of history, instituted an educational system, oral and written, un-mixed with his own word, for preservation of the Qur'an. The the existence of memorized transmission from the Prophet's times and carried on by thousands and thousands of Huffaz along with the written transmission read by millions of millions of Muslim Ummah worldwide, every word of the sacred Qur'an has been vigilantly guarded and passed on intact to succeeding generations. It is thus ensured that the Qur'anic text is immune from any and all types of corruption. And so every Muslim, when he or she reads it, is convinced to be in direct communion with Allah Subhanahu wa Taala.

    It is possible as the Western sources often claim that worldwide an enormous number of a variety of the Bible are printed and distributed. But regardless of that claim, it is only the Qur'an that is not only memorized but also read much more often. And it is because of certainty of its divine source, that to prove a point, Muslims often quote it in their discourses. And Muslim scholars over the centuries have analyzed and are analyzing every word of the Qur'an. The purpose is to understand the divine message and derive meanings for living righteously and successfully in ever-changing situations. Also to make judgments based on its application to all prevailing issues using the best human intellectual capabilities.

    Although during colonization of the Muslim lands an alien system was imposed on Muslims, and even after independence, the co-opted autocratic rulers who grabbed power one way or another tried to impose various other systems. It is heartening that with resurgence, Muslims are not only renewing their Islamic commitment, but also re-invigorating their deeper understanding of the blessed Qur'an as individuals, and in their study-groups and associations to find transcendental solutions to the myriad problems they are facing and regain their honored place in the comity of nations.

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    Post Why Quran recitation is Important for Muslims?

    The Quran recitation is a matter of great importance in the life of a Muslims. Consider the verse given below. Allah Almighty has kept great rewards for the people who recite Quran regularly. Yunus [10:61] And you are not (engaged) in any affair, nor do you recite concerning it any portion of the Quran, nor do you do any work but We are witnesses over you when you enter into it, and there does not lie concealed from your Lord the weight of an atom in the earth or in the heaven, nor anything less than that nor greater, but it is in a clear book.
    Of course, the Quran recitation has certain manners and ethics. These manners and ethics are both physical and spiritual. The physical manners of the recitation of the Quran are very simple.
    1. Be clean. A person should do ‘ghusl' or at least ablution before the Quran recitation. It should essentially be mentioned here that the ablution is not Farz (compulsory) for the recitation. However, it is a practice among the Muslims to do it any way out of respect.
    2. A person should cover his or her ‘satar' properly before the Quran recitation.
    The spiritual manners of the Quran recitation are mentioned below in the following two verses of the Quran.
    1. Al-Araf [7:204] And when the Quran is recited, then listen to it and remain ******, that mercy may be shown to you.
    2. An-Nahl [16:98] So when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan,
    Undoubtedly, in the Quran, Allah Almighty has explained everything in an extremely elaborate way. The verses might be concise but they never fail to convey the minutest of the details.
    About the Quran recitation, one must make sure that it is done in the proper way. The angel Jibril used to recite the Quran to our prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) used to convey the Quran to his companions in the best form of the recitation. Allah Almighty has also said in the Quran that the Quran recitation should be done in a proper way. Consider the part of a verse given below.
    Al-Muzzammil [73:4] and recite the Quran as it ought to be recited.
    Our prophet used to recite the Quran to the people around him. Allah Almighty had given him the responsibility of passing the message. If people did not respond that was their own choice. This is the strategy about the Quran recitation, which is explained, in the following verse. Every Muslim should also keep this strategy about Quran recitation in mind.
    An-Naml [27:92] And that I should recite the Quran. Therefore whoever goes aright, he goes aright for his own soul, and whoever goes ' astray, then say: I am only one of the warners.
    The rewards of Quran recitation are manifold. However, one of the biggest rewards is given in the Quran.
    Al-Isra [17:45] And when you recite the Quran, We place between you and those who do not believe in the hereafter a hidden barrier.

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    Post Covering the Face

    The khimar (pl. khumur) actually refers to the head covering, so that a better translation of 24:31 would be: "and to draw their headcovers (khumurihinna) over their bosoms..." (24:31)

    It is essential to understand the two interpretations of the command to "draw their headcovers over" among the women of the Companions and the generation that immediately succeeded them, on which are based the two views of the Four Schools, namely, cover everything or expose only the face and hands:

    Some women drew from the top down, some from the sides and over. The result for the first category was to cover the face, while the second category left the face uncovered according to one's own discretion.

    Following are two hadiths that illustrate the use of the khimar (face-veil) applied by women Companions of the verse quoted above.

    Abu Hurayra gave the following account of his mother's conversion: I came to the Prophet Muhammad Allah bless and greet him -- weeping one day and said: "O Messenger of Allah, I have been inviting my mother to Islam and she has been refusing. Today I asked her again, and she said something about you which I hated to hear. Ask Allah to guide Abu Hurayra's mother!" Whereupon the Prophet Muhammad Allah bless and greet him - said: "O Allah! Guide Abu Hurayra's mother." Then I returned home cheered up by the Prophet's Muhammad Allah bless and greet him - supplication. When I arrived at the door of the house I found it closed. Hearing my footsteps, my mother said: "Abu Hurayra, do not come in yet." I could hear the sound of water. She washed herself and wore her robe (dir') and headcover (khimâr) then she opened the door and said: "Abu Hurayra! I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah's servant and messenger!" I returned at once to the Prophet Muhammad Allah bless and greet him --, weeping for joy, and said to him: "O Messenger of Allah, good news! Allah has answered your request and guided my mother!" He glorified and praised Allah, thanking Him and saying good things. I said: "O Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah that He make me and my mother beloved to his believing servants and that He make them beloved to us." The Prophet Muhammad Allah bless and greet him - said: "O Allah! Make Your little servant (here meaning Abu Hurayra) and his mother beloved to Your believing servants, and make the believers beloved to the two of them." Not one believer is brought into existence who hears about me without seeing me except he loves me.

    Ayesha (rad.i-Allahu `anha) said: "By Allah, I never saw any women better than the women of the Ansar (i.e. the women of Madina) or stronger in their confirmation of Allah's Book! When Sura al-Nur was revealed -- "and to draw their 'khumur' over their bosoms" (24:31) -- their men went back to them reciting to them what Allah had revealed to them, each man reciting it to his wife, daughter, sister, and relative. Not one woman among them remained except she got up on the spot, tore up her waist-wrap and covered herself from head-to-toe (i`jtajarat) with it. They prayed the very next dawn prayer covered from head to toe (mu`tajirat)."

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    Post Narrated Abu Dhar Razi ALLAH Ta'ala Anhu:

    Allah's Apostle Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) said, "While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered: 'Gabriel.' He asked, 'Is there anyone with you?' Gabriel replied, 'Yes, Muhammad I is with me.' He asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel said, 'Yes.' So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' He replied, 'He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.'

    Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate. Anas said: "Abu Dhar added that the Prophet met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet ) met Adarn on the nearest heaven and Abraham on the sixth heaven. Anas said, "When Gabriel along with the Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.' The Prophet asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Idris." The Prophet added, "I passed by Moses and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious brother.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Moses.' Then I passed by Jesus and he said, 'Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.' I asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Jesus.

    Then I passed by Abraham and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Abraham. The Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) added, 'Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens." Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said: The Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) said, "Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Moses who asked me, 'What has Allah enjoined on your followers?' I replied, 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.' Moses said, 'Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.' (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses again and informed him about it, he said, 'Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.' So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses and he said to me: 'Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah and He said, 'These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.' I returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I replied, 'Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.' Then Gabriel took me till we '' reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of; the utmost boundry) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk."Allah's Apostle Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) said, "While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered: 'Gabriel.' He asked, 'Is there anyone with you?' Gabriel replied, 'Yes, Muhammad I is with me.' He asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel said, 'Yes.' So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' He replied, 'He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.'

    Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate. Anas said: "Abu Dhar added that the Prophet met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet ) met Adarn on the nearest heaven and Abraham on the sixth heaven. Anas said, "When Gabriel along with the Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.' The Prophet asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Idris." The Prophet added, "I passed by Moses and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious brother.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Moses.' Then I passed by Jesus and he said, 'Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.' I asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Jesus.

    Then I passed by Abraham and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Abraham. The Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) added, 'Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens." Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said: The Prophet Muhammad SALLAL LAHU ALAI WASALLAM (PBUH) said, "Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Moses who asked me, 'What has Allah enjoined on your followers?' I replied, 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.' Moses said, 'Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.' (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses again and informed him about it, he said, 'Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.' So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses and he said to me: 'Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah and He said, 'These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.' I returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I replied, 'Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.' Then Gabriel took me till we '' reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of; the utmost boundry) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk."

  6. #6
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    He governs the affairs of the various kingdoms

    He governs the affairs of the various kingdoms and He commands and forbids, creates, sustains, gives death, gives life, gives power, strips power (to and from whom He wills) and alternates the night and day. He gives varying fortunes to people and alternates governments (and states), destroying some and bringing some into existence. His Command and Power are dominant in the heavens and their zones, the earth and all that which is on and in it, in the seas and in the air. His Knowledge has encompassed everything and He counted everything. He hears all types of voices and they do not confuse Him. Rather, He hears each voice in its distinct language and need, and no voice will make Him busy from fulfilling the need of another, and no need will ever escape His Perfect Knowledge (and His Power to deliver). He does not become bored because of the many needs of those who need. His Sight encompasses all that which there is. He sees the movement of a black ant on a barren rock during a dark night. To Him, the Unseen is uncovered end the secret is secret no more, "Whosoever is in the heavens and on Earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring Forth (such as giving honor to some, disgrace to some, life to (some, death to some, etc.)." [55:29] He forgives an evil deed, makes depression vanish and brings reprieve from disasters, relief for whoever needs it, wealth for the poor, guidance for the misguided, light for the lost, help for he who is desperate, fullness for the hungry, cover for the barely clothed, cure for the ill and ease for he who suffers. He accepts he who repents, gives reward for he who does good, gives aid for he who was dealt with injustice, destroys an arrogant person, covers mistakes, gives safety after fear end elevates some people and humiliates others. If those who inhabit His heavens and His earth and all those whom He created, whether mankind or the Jinns, had hearts similar to the most pious heart, His Kingdom will not increase. If all His creation, whether mankind or the Jinns, had hearts similar to the heart of the most wicked heart, this will not decrease from His Kingdom. Also, if all those who inhabit His heavens and His earth, all mankind and all the Jinns, the dead and the living, stand up on one strip of land and each asks Him for his need, and He then fulfils their needs, this will not decrease from what He has a bit. He is the First, nothing is before Him, the Last, nothing is after Him, the Most High, nothing is above Him, and the Most Near, nothing is nearer than Him. He, Exalted and Ever High as He is, is the Best Whom one can and should remember, the only One Who deserves to be worshiped and thanked, the Kindest of all those who own and the Most generous of all those who are asked to give. He is the King Who has no partner, the One Who has no competitor, the Samad (Self-Sufficient) Who has no offspring, and the Ever High, none like unto Him. Everything perishes save His Face and every kingship is bound to perish except His. He will only be obeyed by His Leave, and His Knowledge uncovers all disobedience to Him. When He is obeyed, He thanks for it, and when He is disobeyed, He grants forgiveness (for those who truly repent to Him). Every punishment from Him is just and every bounty is a grace. He is the Closest Witness and the Nearest One with His Perfect Care. He controls the forelocks of everything and has the full records of all deeds end the books of all ages. The hearts are unmasked to Him and the secret is unveiled. His giving and punishing is merely a Command, "Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, ‘Be, and it is!’" [36:82].

  7. #7
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    Post Rights Of Women Under Islam

    What are the women rights like under Islam and how have they changed since Islams golden age (from mid 8th century until 12th century) if they have changed?.
    Praise be to Allah.
    Islam honours women greatly. It honours women as mothers who must be respected, obeyed and treated with kindness. Pleasing one's mother is regarded as part of pleasing Allah. Islam tells us that Paradise lies at the mother’s feet, i.e. that the best way to reach Paradise is through one's mother. And Islam forbids disobeying one’s mother or making her angry, even by saying a mild word of disrespect. The mother’s rights are greater than those of the father, and the duty to take care of her grows greater as the mother grows older and weaker. All of that is mentioned in many texts of the Qur'an and Sunnah.
    For example, Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
    “And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents”
    [al-Ahqaaf 46:15]
    “And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.
    24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: ‘My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young’”
    [al-Isra’ 17:23, 24]
    Ibn Maajah (2781) narrated that Mu’aawiyah ibn Jaahimiah al-Sulami (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allah, I want to go for jihad with you, seeking thereby the Face of Allah and the Hereafter. He said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go back and honour her.” Then I approached him from the other side and said: O Messenger of Allah, I want to go for jihad with you, seeking thereby the Face of Allah and the Hereafter. He said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go back and honour her.” Then I approached him from in front and said, O Messenger of Allah, I want to go for jihad with you, seeking thereby the Face of Allah and the Hereafter. He said, “Woe to you! Is your mother still alive?” I said, Yes. He said, “Go back and honour her (lit. stay by her feet), for there is Paradise.”
    Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah. It was also narrated by al-Nasaa’i with the words: “Stay with her for Paradise is beneath her feet.”
    Al-Bukhaari (5971) and Muslim (2548) narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: A man came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and said: “O Messenger of Allah, who is most deserving of my good company?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Your mother.” He said: “Then who?” He said: “Then your father.”
    And there are other texts which we do not have room to mention here.
    One of the rights which Islam gives to the mother is that her son should spend on her if she needs that support, so long as he is able and can afford it. Hence for many centuries it was unheard of among the people of Islam for a mother to be left in an old-people’s home or for a son to kick her out of the house, or for her sons to refuse to spend on her, or for her to need to work in order to eat and drink if her sons were present.
    Islam also honours women as wives. Islam urges the husband to treat his wife in a good and kind manner, and says that the wife has rights over the husband like his rights over her, except that he has a degree over her, because of his responsibility of spending and taking care of the family’s affairs. Islam states that the best of the Muslim men is the one who treats his wife in the best manner, and the man is forbidden to take his wife’s money without her consent. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
    “and live with them honourably”
    [al-Nisa’ 4:19]
    “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise”
    [al-Baqarah 2:228]
    And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I urge you to treat women well.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 331; Muslim, 1468.
    And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3895; Ibn Maajah, 1977; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
    And Islam honours women as daughters, and encourages us to raise them well and educate them. Islam states that raising daughters will bring a great reward. For example, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever takes care of two girls until they reach adulthood, he and I will come like this on the Day of Resurrection,” and he held his fingers together. Narrated by Muslim, 2631.
    Ibn Maajah (3669) narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Whoever has three daughters and is patient towards them, and feeds them, gives them to drink and clothes them from his riches, they will be a shield for him from the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.
    Islam honours woman as sisters and as aunts. Islam enjoins upholding the ties of kinship and forbids severing those ties in many texts. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “O people! Spread (the greeting of) salaam, offer food (to the needy), uphold the ties of kinship, and pray at night when people are sleeping, and you will enter Paradise in peace.” Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 3251; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.
    Al-Bukhaari (5988) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allaah, may He be exalted, said to the ties of kinship: ‘Whoever upholds you, I will support him, and whoever breaks you, I will cut him off.’”
    All of these qualities may co-exist in a single woman: she may be a wife, a daughter, a mother, a sister, an aunt, so she may be honoured in all these ways.
    To conclude: Islam raised the status of women, and made them equal with men in most rulings. So women, like men, are commanded to believe in Allaah and to worship Him. And women are made equal to men in terms of reward in the Hereafter. Women have the right to express themselves, to give sincere advice, to enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and to call people to Allaah. Women have the right to own property, to buy and sell, to inherit, to give charity and to give gifts. It is not permissible for anyone to take a woman’s wealth without her consent. Women have the right to a decent life, without facing aggression or being wronged. Women have the right to be educated; in fact it is obligatory to teach them what they need to know about their religion.
    Anyone who compares the rights of women in Islam with their situation during the Jaahiliyyah or in other civilizations will understand that what we are saying is true. In fact we are certain that women are given the greatest honour in Islam.
    There is no need for us to mention the situation of women in Greek, Persian or Jewish society, but even Christian societies had a bad attitude towards women. The theologians even gathered at the Council of Macon to discuss whether woman was merely a body or a body with a soul. They thought it most likely that women did not have a soul that could be saved, and they made an exception only in the case of Mary (Maryam – peace be upon her).
    The French held a conference in 586 CE to discuss whether women had souls or not, and if they had souls, were these souls animal or human? In the end, they decided that they were human! But they were created to serve men only.
    During the time of Henry VIII, the English Parliament issued a decree forbidding women to read the New Testament because they were regarded as impure.
    Until 1805, English law allowed a man to sell his wife, and set a wife’s price at six pennies.
    In the modern age, women were kicked out of the house at the age of eighteen so that they could start working to earn a bite to eat. If a woman wanted to stay in the house, she had to pay her parents rent for her room and pay for her food and laundry.
    See ‘Awdat al-Hijaab, 2/47-56.
    How can this compare to Islam which enjoins honouring and kind treatment of women, and spending on them?
    Secondly:
    With regard to the changes in these rights throughout the ages, the basic principles have not changed, but with regard to the application of these principles, there can be no doubt that during the golden age of Islam, the Muslims applied the sharee’ah of their Lord more, and the rulings of this sharee’ah include honouring one’s mother and treating one’s wife, daughter, sister and women in general in a kind manner. The weaker religious commitment grew, the more these rights were neglected, but until the Day of Resurrection there will continue to be a group who adheres to their religion and applies the sharee’ah of their Lord. These are the people who honour women the most and grant them their rights.
    Despite the weakness of religious commitment among many Muslims nowadays, women still enjoy a high status, whether as daughters, wives or sisters, whilst we acknowledge that there are shortcomings, wrongdoing and neglect of women’s rights among some people, but each one will be answerable for himself.

  8. #8
    VIP Rajkumari's Avatar
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    Re: Different Aspects of Quran recitation

    JazakAllah
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    Re: Different Aspects of Quran recitation

    ALLAH HUM SAB KOO QURAN PARHAY AUR AIS PER AMAL KERNAY KI TAUFEEQ ATA FARMAYA. (AMEE)

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