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ENGLISH 2ND YEAR: Lesson 8: RIGHT AND WRONG

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    ENGLISH 2ND YEAR: Lesson 8: RIGHT AND WRONG


    ENGLISH 2ND YEAR:

    Lesson 8: RIGHT AND WRONG

    Q1: summariesLewis’s series of reasons for believing that there is a ‘law of nature’.

    Ans. Lewis’s series of reasons for believing that there is a ‘law of nature’ is summarized in points as under:
    Law of nature is a kind of standard morality and known to every human beings. Everybody knows the difference between right and wrong. If it had not been so, neither germans nor british would have blamed each other about the world war 11.
    If we find a person who says that he does not believe in right and wrong, we find the same person going back a moment later. He may break his promise to any person. But if the other person breaks one to him, he will be complaining.

    Q2. What are the author’s reasons for believing that the moral law is not simply an instinct but something that people living in a society have agreed upon?

    Ans. The author’s reasons for believing that the moral law is not simply an instinct but something that people living in a society have agreed upon are given as under:
    I. Running away from the battlefield is not good anywhere.
    II. Cheating one’s benefactor is disliked everywhere.
    III. Selfishness is appreciated nowhere.

    Q3. The author says, “None of us are really keeping the law of nature”. What does he mean by it? Do you agree to this view?

    Ans. When the author says, “none of us are really keeping the law of nature”, he mean to say that in spite of the fact that everybody knows what the decent behavior is and expects it from others, he still violates it due to any of his weaknesses or selfish interests.
    Yes, I agree to this view. Today the world is full of quarrels. If all the nations and individuals had kept the law of nature, there would have been a heaven upon earth.

    Q4. What are the two main points that the author wanted to make? And why are they the foundation of all clear thinking about ourselves and the universe we live in?

    Ans. The two main points that the author wanted to make are:
    I. Everywhere human-beings believe in the idea of right and wrong and cannot deny it.
    II. Nobody can behave according to law of nature or standard morality inspite of knowing it well.
    They are the foundation of all clear thinking about ourselves and the universe we live in because they are the basis of every human behavior. Nobody can think clearly without the conception of these two rules of molarity.


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