1: The Components of Inventory
Categories of Inventory
You have already seen that inventory for a merchandising business consists of the goods available for resale to customers. However, retailers are not the only businesses that maintain inventory. Manufacturers also have inventories related to the goods they produce. Goods completed and awaiting sale are termed "finished goods" inventory. A manufacturer may also have "work in process" inventory consisting of goods being manufactured but not yet completed. And, a third category of inventory is "raw material," consisting of goods to be used in the manufacture of products. Inventories are typically classified as current assets on the balance sheet. A substantial portion of the managerial accounting chapters of this book deal with issues relating to accounting for costs of manufactured inventory. For now, we will focus on general principles of inventory accounting that are applicable to most all enterprises.